MODULE 1 INTRODUCTION TO GRAPHOLOGY The purpose and uses of Graphology. Tools and techniques. How to start your own handwriting sample collection.
MODULE 2 LAYOUT, MARGINS, ELABORATION, RHYTHM An introduction to some basic signs and indicators in handwriting and what they mean.
MODULE 3 DIRECTIONS AND CONNECTIONS Directions of lines, Slant, Connections and Pressure
MODULE 4 ZONES, SIZE AND SPACING How writers claim their space. Zones and the significance of Size and Space.
MODULE 5 INDIVIDUAL LITTLE SIGNS IN HANDWRITING Special little Signs in handwriting and what they mean
Spacing between Words
Normal spacing between two words is usually measured according to the width of the widest middle zone letter.
We have already noted that where there is an excess of white space between the lines we can assume that the writer feels isolated in some way.
LARGE SPACES BETWEEN WORDS
Large spaces between words have a similar connotation. Sometimes words can look like islands separated by wide spaces of sea.
While good spacing normally denotes clarity of thought, you will notice that the white spaces between the words in the following handwriting are wider than the norm.
There’s a rule that states that an extreme often negates a positive quality.
And so because the spaces between the words and lines are so much wider than normal we conclude that there is a negative connotation.
Therefore while this writer has the ability to think clearly it is also apparent that he feels isolated to the point of being socially detached.
He suffers from a feeling of loneliness and feels apart from everyone around him. It is as if he lives on an emotional island.
Excessive spacing between lines and words is know as spaced out handwriting.
Here’s another sample of spaced out handwriting:
WIDE SPACES BETWEEN LINES – VERTICAL LETTERS
The following sample shows a combination of wide spaces between words plus vertical letters:
Vertical handwriting is a sign of independence. Isolation plus independence increases the chance that the writer suffers from a feeling of detachment.
IMPORTANCE OF SUPPORTING INDICATORS
Notice how even at this early stage, we are already looking for supporting indicators to back up our statements.
We always need to make sure that we provide sufficient evidence from within the handwriting to support our claims.
With regard to the sample above, which serves to illustrate our point, we are making use of two indicators as our supporting references.
The two indicators are wide spaces plus vertical letters.
The more evidence that we can find to support our claims, the more confident we can be about our assessments. This is a pattern that is followed and encouraged throughout the course.
MODERATE SPACING BETWEEN WORDS
Moderate spacing between words shows a normal display of interpersonal distance between the writer and his family and friends. The writer does not need extra space and does not need to separate himself from others. Neither does he feel crowded.
By itself, moderate spacing between words does not signify very much and should be judged on its merit together with other signs
NARROW SPACING BETWEEN WORDS AND LINES
Very small spaces between words and lines – where the words seem to be almost touching and rushing after one another leaving no “breathing space”, point to a person who continually craves contact with others. He likes to be in constant touch with people and needs close relationships.
Narrow spacing between words can also show talkativeness. Where the words are very close together and where there is also a very narrow right margin it may indicate someone who crowds other people – someone who does not respect another’ s privacy.
He is likely to be the type of person who does not allow anyone else to get a word in edgewise!
In evenly spaced words, an occasional large gap implies a break in thought; a hesitation – or possibly an unwillingness to discuss or communicate information connected with the words that follow.
The hesitation is due to the emotional weight that has been attributed to that particular word.
For instance in a letter of a recently divorced person, the word “divorce” may be preceded by a comparatively large gap when compared with the rest of the spacing within the handwriting.
This shows that there is a lot of emotional baggage connected to that word.
IRREGULAR WORD SPACING
This shows a break in rhythm and this would suggest a certain amount of emotional unrest.
It is also possible for a break in rhythm to appear as a sudden downward dipping below the baseline. Or possibly some of the letters will be amended or retraced.
Signs like these may not appear to be very significant at first glance but in the context they can be very revealing.